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Stockholm, Sweden (Congestion Charging)
Location: Sweden

The aim of Stockholm's successful congestion charging project was to reduce traffic by 10–15%, increase average speed on streets and roads, reduce emissions, and improve the city’s environment. While politically controversial, the system is regarded as a technical success and achieved significant impacts in traffic reduction in Stockholm's city center. The new Swedish government has decided to reintroduce congestion charging some time during the first half year of 2007. Stockholm’s system differs a bit from London’s. In London, camera recognize cars throughout the city, but in Stockholm, it is only when the car enters or exts the center of Stockholm (at 1 of 18 control points), where they are charged between 1–2 euros. With a maximum charge of 6 euro per day per vehicle, it’s much cheaper in Stockholm than in London. And there are many vehicles that are exempted, such as taxis and clean cars. Essing Road, in particular, was exempted for political reasons; it is Sweden’s largest bypass. Everyone thought this road would be overcrowded because it’s the only way now to go north and south without being charged. There are two systems that recognize the cars that pass the zone — a camera that zooms into the registration number and reads it through OCR technology, and a tag or transponder, or an on-board unit (OBR), which communicates with the station. It is voluntary for Stockholm people to get this tag, but there’s a benefit, which is that you can use direct debit from your bank so that you don’t have to go onto the Internet and pay. When crossing one of these toll stations, the system looks into the national registration system at who the owner is, and then the car owner has to pay. And there are several ways to pay — Internet, direct debit, or at a 7-11s store. If you go onto the Internet, you can see all the tax decisions you have that you have paid or not paid. It’s a large system. About 500,000 tax decisions are made every 24 hours, and millions of pictures of registration plates are stored. There are lots of transactions, so it’s a quite complicated system. To ensure the system is robust, every toll station has several ways to communicate with the central station. For example, there are three different cables. If one is broken, two remain. If all three are broken, you can still get the information from the toll station. This system has been up and going 99.96% of the time.

Website: http://www.stockholmsforsoket.se/templates/page.aspx?id=183
Practitioner Name: Oscar Alarik
Practitioner Tel: 070-611 32 29
Practitioner E-mail: oscar@alarik.se
Presentation: Only registered users can load presentations, please log-in
Vendor Name 1: IBM
Vendor Title 1: IBM

Stoke-on-Trent, UK
Location: United Kingdom

The Stoke-on-Trent City Education Department required broadband services to each school in a 96 square kilometer region. Already providing broadband to larger schools with 100 Mbps fiber connections, the new challenge was how to connect the smaller schools. After studying a leased-line solution it was determined to be unsuitable due to limited bandwidth, expensive initial costs, ongoing service costs and inflexibility of the network. Several schools were scheduled to relocate and it would require additional setup charges. The Stoke-on-Trent City Education Department turned to Macs Communications Limited (Macscoms). As a leading wireless voice and data specialist, Macscoms had built a number of broadband wireless access networks across the UK. They recommended a wireless network based on Alvarion’s BreezeNET® DS.11, operating at the 2.4 GHz spectrum, to connect schools that had direct line-of-sight to schools already serviced by fiber. Schools without line-of-sight were provided broadband wireless access using BreezeACCESS® VL base stations operating in the license-exempt 5.8 GHz frequency, once the UK Radio Authority released the band for commercial use. The flexible network was easily reconfigured and expanded and the added bandwidth enabled several new applications including live streaming video between schools, voice-over-IP and security camera monitoring.

Practitioner Name: Stephen McKeown
Practitioner Tel: N/A
Practitioner E-mail: corporate-sales@alvarion.com
Vendor Name 1: ALVR
Vendor Title 1: Alvarion-HQ

Sud Mennucci, Brazil
Location: Brazil

Sud Mennucci is a small town of 7,500 deep in the interior of Sгo Paulo State. As recently as 2002, it had no Internet provider, and about 30 residents were paying hefty long-distance fees to dial in. The city determined that Wi-Fi could be an economical situation for the city and its resident, because the local government could “open the doors and windows” to make the Internet signal from the town-hall provider available to the entire community. The city contacted Anatel, the national telecom regulator, to see whether it could make Wi-Fi access available without conflict with private interest. “If it were 100% free, there would be no problem having a public municipal provider,” says Sud Mennucci Mayor Celso Junquiera, who inherited the project from his predecessor. “So we decided to fulfill the community’s needs because the costs to citizens was very high.” The city took on the cost as well as the burden of deployment, facing numerous problems along the way. Antennas were positioned inadequately. Fast growth caused the system to block up. In 2003, the city had just 8 to 10 users on the network. By February 2005, the number jumped to 90 users. But new users coming online would bounce others off, and some users simply couldn’t get on the network. So the city waited to expand.

Website: http://www.w2idigitalcitiesconvention.com/04042006/nl040406a.html
Practitioner Name: Celso Junquiera
Practitioner Tel:
Practitioner E-mail:

Taipei, Taiwan
Location: Taiwan

The City of Taipei has the second-highest population density in the world, and in 1999 the municipal government began urging citizens to “frequent the net, and free up the roads.” Taipei began transforming itself into a “CyberCity” to deliver a full roster of eGovernment services to its 120,000 households, expanding school computer facilities, and creating Web sites to integrate municipal agencies and public schools. In February 2004, the CyberCity initiative took a new and exciting turn with the launch of a broad-scale wireless infrastructure project to bring ubiquitous broadband access to 90 percent of citizens. With the goal of positioning Taipei as the world’s first complete mobile city, the M-Taipei wireless initiative will bridge the digital divide, revolutionize communications, provide innovative services to citizens, and fuel the development of the city’s domestic IT industry. Through a nine-year public-private partnership between the city and Q-Ware Systems, a successful Mainland systems provider, M-Taipei will be owned and operated by Q-ware Systems while the city provides lamps, trees, subway stations, and public buildings to enable Q-ware to install access points. Q-ware will bare the risks of running the business, while sharing 1 to 3 percent of its revenues with the city.

Website: http://english.taipei.gov.tw/TCG/index.jsp?recordid=6996
Practitioner Name: Candy Lee
Practitioner Tel: 886-2-8722-9680
Practitioner E-mail: Candy.YC.Lee@hp.com
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Tempe, AZ
Location: USA

Website: http://tempe.gov
Practitioner Name:
Practitioner Tel:
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Tianjin, China
Location: China

Tianjin, on the eastern coast of China southeast of Beijing, is in the midst of a massive planning extravaganza called the Tianjin New Coastal District (TNCD). Currently, the port of Tianjin is experiencing growth of 20% per year in shipping volume, and the region is spearheading China’s drive for national economic growth. The TNCD development looks to transform the industrial core of Tianjin city, Binhai, into an international shipping, technology, and communications headquarters.

Tianjin Case Study

Part of the TNCD plan includes the deployment of a wireless broadband network in Binhai that would cover residential, industrial, and commercial sectors. With a population of 1.4 million and an area of 2270 square kilometers, this deployment has the potential to attain massive proportions.

The Tianjin municipal government received the approval for the network from China’s ministry of Information Industry on July 31, 2007, and the project has caught the attention of leading vendors and wireless enterprises worldwide. According to local media, many companies – including Google – are conducting research in the TNCD on prospective network configurations.

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• A Broader View of Taipei’s WiFly Usage Rates

• Sarbuland Khan

• Shanghai '05

Practitioner Name: N/A
Practitioner Tel: n/a
Practitioner E-mail: webmaster@mii.gov.cn

Toronto, One Zone Wireless
Location: Canada

The City of Toronto is the sole shareholder of its privately held electricity utility, Toronto Hydro Corp., which is the parent of Toronto Hydro Telecom, the communications affiliate that is driving the city’s Wi-Fi initiative. Toronto Hydro Telecom provides data services across a fiber network (including VoIP offering to enterprise customers). Customers include major financial institutions, mutual-fund companies, and banks. A second affiliate, Toronto Hydro Streetlighting, Inc., owns and maintains Toronto’s street and expressway lighting system. An agreement among the City of Toronto, its electric utility Toronto Hydro Corp., and the two affiliates leverages existing local assets—dark fiber below and the streetlighting system above—to generate value for the city, its local-government workforce, residents, and businesses with a broadband-wireless infrastructure. In preparing its business case, Toronto Hydro Telecom’s strategy would include the 802.11 standards—not hotspots but an ubiquitous Wi-Fi zone built on 160,000 fixtures within the city. For backhaul, Toronto Hydro Telecom would use its extensive 450 kilometer fiber-optic network. Toronto Hydro Telecom partners with the municipality on the devices and applications that will come into play over the network, including voice. THT began putting together its RFP in late December 2005. BelAir Networks was chosen as the equipment provider. Completed in December of 2006, One Zone provides a total of six square kilometres of WiFi coverage in Toronto's downtown core, the largest WiFi zone in Canada.

Website: http://www.onezone.ca
Practitioner Name: Virginia Brailey
Practitioner Tel: 416-840-8742
Practitioner E-mail: VBrailey@torontohydro.com
Presentation: Only registered users can load presentations, please log-in

Tucson, AZ
Location: US

In a coordinated effort between Tucson’s Transportation and Fire Departments and University Medical Center, the city has deployed a Wi-Fi mesh network on traffic signals to enable multiple applications, from traffic-signal monitoring to video streaming on local ambulances. As of mid-2007, the network was deployed on 240 traffic lights and 30 outbuildings with an ultimate goal of 500 APs. Tucson secured funding from Arizona’s Surface Transportation Program and has applied for additional grant money from the U.S. D.O.T. to enable expansion of the network well beyond city limits.

Practitioner Name: Francisco Leyva
Practitioner Tel: +1-520-791-4251
Practitioner E-mail: francisco.leyva@tucsonaz.gov
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Upper Dublin Township, PA
Location: USA

Upper Dublin Township, Pennsylvania, (pop. 26,000) is a well-to-do community of 10,000 households outside Philadelphia, in Montgomery County. The Township is one of only four communities in Pennsylvania to have ensured that it is grandfathered under the state’s anti-municipal networking law (H.B. 30) supported by Verizon and Comcast and signed by Gov. Ed Rendell in November 2004. Town Manager Paul Leonard said: "It’s not the digital divide, it really isn’t. What really drove this initially was pent-up anger at the incumbent, Comcast. They offer a hybrid coax system that was cell and what they call broadband, and everybody knew there was no competition. They raised the rates, and they bundled things in ways to maximize their return. People were spending a fair amount of money, and bills were running over $100 a month for cable and TV and sometimes up to $120."

Website: http://www.upperdublin.net/pdf/information/Community-Broadband-Q-A-9-8-06.pdf
Practitioner Name: Paul Leonard
Practitioner Tel: 215-659-3100 x1039
Practitioner E-mail: pleonard@upperdublin.net
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Washington, DC, WARN
Location: USA

Responding to emergency events such as multiple-alarm building fires, chemical or biological attacks, or large-scale terrorist incidents requires immediate and rapid communications among multiple first-responders, including fire, police, and emergency medical services. The District of Columbia has implemented a cost-effective, high-speed, city-wide, wireless data network to enable the use of interoperable, broadband, wireless data applications for public safety communications. Using the Wireless Accelerated Responder Network, or WARN, first responders are able to use full-motion, high-resolution video monitoring and other bandwidth-intensive monitoring tools to immediately share time-critical information in the Washington DC area. District network users include police, fire, emergency management, corrections department, among several other agencies. WARN is an Orthagonal Frequency Division Multiplex (OFDM) network operating in the 700 MHz band under the provisions of a experimental license from the FCC. The project was spearheaded by Suzanne Peck, District of Columbia CTO, at an initial cost to the city of $2.7 million. Since its deployement, the network has been used to deal with a chemical spill at Cardozo High School, to protect the President at his second inauguration, to support public safety during the State of the Union Address, and to protect the public during the Fourth of July celebration on the National Mall.

Website: http://www.spectrumcoalition.org
Practitioner Name: Robert LeGrande
Practitioner Tel: 1-202-727-2189
Practitioner E-mail: Robert.LeGrande@dc.gov
Presentation: Only registered users can load presentations, please log-in
Vendor Name 1: FLA
Vendor Title 1: Flarion

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